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Doctoral studies > PhD dissertations UB

Youssef Samadi
Al-Mustaw`ib al-kafi wa-l-muqni`al-shafi`de al-Umawi al-Qurtubi (m. 1206). Edición y estudio
Supervisor/s: Roser Puig Aguilar
Date of defense: 12-09-2017

The Arab culture, on its arrival and its installation in Spain, has created a new culture which includes calendars. This new culture will merge with the local substratum to produce a golden period for Andalusian calendars in the 10th century. The book of al-Umawī al-Qurṭubī belongs to the books of anwa', which is a scientific genre that compiles astrometeorological knowledge and is part of a whole literature generically called anwa'. This literature has its roots in ancient Arab culture. With the advent of Islam, it began to encompass new daily concerns such as the determination of the hours of prayer, the announcement of the beginning of Ramadan, the determination of the direction of the qibla and so on. Al-Mustawʿib al-kāfī wa-l-muqniʿ al-šāfī by  al-Umawī al-Qurṭubī is a work written in the Almohad period that recovers and perpetuates a tradition originated centuries ago and which had been interrupted. lt is an original work, which follows a similar treatise, Kitāb al-anwa’ wa-l-azmina wa-maʿrif at aʿyān al-kawākib, written by the Cordovan Abū Bakr b. ʿĀṣim al- Thaqafī  (d.  403 l 1013). Al-Mustawʿib and its author belong to a particular tradition which conforms a chain of authors and works: ʿArīb b. Saʿīd, lbn ʿĀṣim (d. 1 1013), lbn al-Banna' (d. 1321) and al-Jādirī (d.1416). This fact evidences the transfer of the books of anwā’ from al-Andalus to the Maghrib, where it appeared a new tradition.