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Official Master > Master projects

Judit Gil Farrero
Ciència i medi ambient a Catalunya. La gestació del parc natural de la zona volcànica de la Garrotxa (1975-1982)
Supervisor/s: Agustí Nieto-Galan
Date of defense: 07-09-2011

In 1982, the volcanic area of Garrotxa, a region that had aroused the interest of renowned scientists since the discovery of its volcanoes two hundred years ago, became the first natural area protected by the Parliament of Catalonia. It was the result of seven years of a mass campaign in defense of the natural heritage led by a group of local scientists with strong emotional ties with the territory, in which they had been born and lived. The paper approaches the activity of this group and its views on the management of nature. It analyses three texts published by Josep Maria Mallarach, who later became the first director of the Garrotxa natural park. On the other hand, this paper places local scientists’ protectionist discourse in the framework of the international debate on conservationism and preservationism, two models that respond to different perceptions of nature and its human transformation. This article places that public campaign in the context of Spanish and Catalan trends of natural areas protection.