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Doctoral studies > PhD dissertations UAB

Slavko C. J. Zupcic Rivas
El médico y el escritor: Andreas Röschlaub (1768-1835) y Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-1854)
Supervisor/s: José Pardo Tomás, Luis Montiel Llorente
Date of defense: 10-10-2003

There are few historical moments so adapted to study relations between medicine and literature as the German romanticism and —in the great philosophical, scientific and literary production that characterized this period— the meeting of the physic Andreas Röschlaub (1768-1835) and the philosopher and writer Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-1854). Through the works of Röschlaub, Schelling who before had been an opponent of the Brown’s doctrine became a defender of this. In 1800, they met in Bamberg, where Röschlaub directed his own magazine and worked at the Bamberg’s Hospital. There, Schelling listened the lessons of Andreas Röschlaub and Adalbert Marcus (1753-1816) about the Erregbarketstheorie (excitability theory) and he gave his lessons about Naturphilosophie. Later, in 1805, Röschlaub and Schelling separated and the second began to publish his own medical magazine. This and other things divided their followers into two groups, the physiologists who followed Schelling and the pathologists who followed Röschlaub, and among them began a polemical relation that had their magazines as tribune. One of the main moments of this debate was the publication in 1805-1807 of a series of anthropological and physiological fragments by Andreas Röschlaub where he tried to make from “the divine words” his own Naturphilosophie. Besides the religious intention it is possible to see a literary spirit in these words: the man of science had renounced to speak with the words he always used and decided to speak with “the divine words” of a literature each time more near to the medical science.