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Lectura de Tesi doctoral de Joel Piqué Buisan

Social and scientific construction processes of homeopathy in Catalonia (1890-1924)
CEHIC 19/11/2018

El divendres dia 23 de novembre tindrà lloc la lectura d'una tesi doctoral del Programa de Doctorat en Història de la Ciència (UAB-UB):

Autor: Joel Piqué Buisan

Títol: Procesos de construcción social y científica de la homeopatía en Cataluña (1890-1924)

Director: Jorge Molero Mesa

Data i hora: Divendres 23 de Novembre de 2018, 11:00h

Lloc: L3-05 Seminari del Centre d’Història de la Ciència

(CEHIC). Mòdul de Recerca C, c/ de can Magrans s/n.

Campus de la UAB a Bellaterra Tribunal: Martin Dinges (Institut für Geschichte der Medizin-Robert Bosch Stiftung), Mikel Astrain (UGR), Sara Lugo (UAB).

This research aims to contribute to the historical understanding of the role played by homeopathy in scientific and social development in Catalonia at the beginning of the 20th century (1890-1924) from the efforts of this group to professionalize and relate to the orthodox science of this time. The thesis explores the different strategies of legitimation used by the group of homeopathic doctors not to be excluded from the scientific current that was being defined, and part of the hypothesis that in the first decades of the 20th century, in a context in which the conceptual framework of today’s medicine was being defined, the processes of social and scientific construction were key in the legitimation and the consequent obtaining of authority, of each of the medical systems that made up the medical science of the moment. In this sense, the memory deepens in key areas in the development of medicine: the institutionalization of the discipline and its organs of diffusion; the competence market of clinics and dispensaries along with the relationship of the homeopathic remedy with the pharmaceutical market and the consequent transformation of the patient into a client; and the introduction of the laboratory and experimental discourses as key aspects in the scientific consolidation of medicine. From the study of bidirectional relationships in these different areas, the thesis shows the debates, controversies and epistemological changes that took place within the homeopathic movement itself and that were key in the development of the discipline. At the same time, this research introduces how, from the strategies used for its legitimation, homeopathy participated in the consolidation of the liberal / capitalist society, endowing the Catalan capital with institutions for the maintenance of social order and resignifying homeopathic therapeutics to include the homeopathic remedy in a powerful market, and at the same time reveals the connections between the aristocratic and bourgeois classes with the public presence of the discipline through the analysis of the Hospital Homeópata del Niño Dios. This report presents, from a novel historiographic perspective and characterized by its critical approach, the strategies of legitimation, the processes of inclusion, exclusion, reception and adaptation of new scientific discoveries by a medical system that sought to legitimize its postulates so as not to be excluded. of official medicine. The thesis reveals the key strategies in the social and scientific construction of homeopathy in Catalonia: the institutional strategy, the discursive and the methodological or experimental, which paradoxically in some cases caused the social legitimization and the scientific delegitimization of homeopathy